Chemo - enzymatic Synthesis of Environmental Friendly Amphiphilic copolymers for Crop protection

Dr. Suman Singh Information Under Updation*

  • Project code : BT/PR8922/NNT/28/06/07
  • Affiliation : CSIR- Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh
  • Sanctioned Amt :Rs. 27,75,032/-
  • Sanctioned Date :2007-05-15
  • Completion Date :2010-05-15
  • Project Status :Completed

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Objectives of the Study

1. Chemo - enzymatic synthesis of structurally well - defined, eco-friendly, biodegradable amphiphilic polymers to be utilized as nanoparticles.
2. Characterisation of the polymers.
3. Encapsulation of pesticides and other bioactive molecules in the micellar nanosphere( Thiram and Carbofuran).
4. Utilisation of these polymers in seed coating.
5. Evaluation of protected seeds and the controlled release of encapsulated molecules (Lab. And field conditions)

Proposed outcomes of the study

Extensive use of pesticides has ensured higher level of production in modern agriculture but at the same time has also posed a potential threat to environment and also, to human and plant helath. The researchers engaged in plant protection have, therefore started looking for other ecologically friendly, non-polluting menas for the control of pests and diseases. In this context, the use of amphiphilic polymers as nanoparticles can be handy as it will not only help in restricting the use of pesticides repeatedly by employing the pesticides in slow release mode but can also be used for seed protection. The product s developed under the project will be utilised for diverse use situations in agriculture. The methodology mentioned above can be utilized for the synthesis of PEG based amphiphilic nano particles, which can be used for the value addition in seed and encapsulation of different pesticides for their slow release, instead of getting such particles commercially. This will help in controlling the insect/pests, nematodes and diseases in different crops under various cropping systems more effectively. The synthesis of the amphiphilic polymers, which can be cost-effective as the reaction involves simple two-step synthesis of the amphiphilic polymers, which can be easily scaled-up. Further, the major benefit will be the development of slow release/seed coating product based on amphiphilic polymers employing nano-technology and hence the potential for generating intellectual property. The research emerged from this product may lead to the development of economic efficient and environment friendly pest control products. The process/technology of effective products will be developed for commercialization and farmer's use.

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